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Module: @geenee/armature


Hello and welcome to the Geenee SDK Documentation. On this page you will find basic information about architecture of our SDK. Processors page describes pose, face, and hand tracking features. Renderers documentation is about how to build AR experiences using Geenee SDK. Or you can start building your AR app right now:

Getting Started

To develop with the Geenee SDK you'll need access tokens that can be created on your account page. There are two access tokens: NPM token and SDK tokens. An NPM token gives access to our package registry and is required to download SDK's npm packages. Add @geenee:registry= line to the global or a project-specific .npmrc file to set Geenee registry as the provider of @geenee packages. Additionally, set your NPM access token adding //"npm.geenee.ar_token line. Example of .npmrc file is provided with every demo app listed below. An SDK token is used to authenticate user account and enable the SDK on the current url. SDK token is created for the url where a web app will be hosted, e.g. Note: validation of a url doesn't include protocol, url params, or port, for example, for address in a browser you'll need a token for url. You'll need a separate SDK token for each web app you will deploy. It is worth to create an additional SDK tokens for local development, e.g. for localhost or urls. Development access tokens do not contribute to total number of views. SDK token has to be provided to initialize instance of Engine.

  • Download and unpack one of examples:
    • Pose tracking example for babylon.js
    • Pose tracking example for three.js
    • Face tracking example for babylon.js
    • Face tracking example for three.js
    • Hand tracking example for babylon.js
  • Get access tokens on your account page.
  • Replace placeholder in .npmrc file with your personal NPM token.
  • Run npm install to install all dependency packages.
  • In src/index.ts set your SDK access tokens (replace stubs).
  • Run npm run start or npm run start:https.
  • Open http(s)://localhost:3000 url in a browser.
  • That's it, you first AR application is ready.


Engine is a core of any application and organizer of its pipeline. It does all the work controlling lower-level instances and at the same time provides simple and user-friendly interface. Engine manages data (video) streams, processing and rendering. It is created for particular Processor. Processor constructor is provided to the Engine and former is responsible to initialize, setup and control processor during life-circle of the application. Results of processing are passed to a Renderer attached to the Engine. Renderers use provided results to define application's logic and visualization.

All core components of @geenee/armature!: Engine, Processor, and Renderer, are generic classes parametrized by type of processing results emitted by Processor. If Engine is created for Processor emitting ResultT data, only Renderers accepting ResultT can be attached to it. Optional type parameter of instance settings can also be defined, it controls object's behavior. For example for Processors it's usually a set of flags that enable or disable evaluation of particular result. If result is not required for Renderer its computation can be skipped increasing performance and speed of the application.

To build AR experience you only need to implement Renderer where all application logic happens. SDK provides set of ready made Processors as well as set of predefined Renderer classes that can be used as a starting points. SDK is framework-agnostic, so you can utilize any rendering engine like three.js, babylon.js, etc, for visualization.

Via Engine instance you can setup, start, pause the pipeline. Before starting the pipeline call both initialization methods init() and setup(), these methods setup processing and video capture respectively. To initialize an Engine instance you need an SDK access token associated with the current url where the web app is deployed. If you call setup() when the pipeline is in playing state, Engine will be reset() automatically so you'll need to call start() to resume playing state. Do not call Engine's state control methods concurrently.

AsyncEngine is an experimental extension of basic Engine thet does processing in the background. Its pipeline provides for better performance and more stable frames per second. By using async type of engine in some cases you can achieve smoother and faster experience in the app. AsyncEngine and Engine are compatible, you can use any of them without additional code adjustments. AsyncEngine is experimental.


To build an app you simply need to create an Engine instance for Processor and attach a Renderer:

import { Engine } from "@geenee/armature";
import { FaceProcessor } from "@geenee/bodyprocessors";
import { YourRenderer } from "./yourrenderer";
import "./index.css";

const engine = new Engine(FaceProcessor);
// Equivalently
// const engine = new FaceEngine();
const token = location.hostname === "localhost" ?
"localhost_sdk_token" : "prod.url_sdk_token";

async function main() {
const container = document.getElementById("root");
if (!container)
const renderer = new YourRenderer(container);
await Promise.all([
engine.init({ token: token, transform: true })
await engine.setup({ size: { width: 1920, height: 1080 } });
await engine.start();

The SDK provides the next ready-made engine specializations:


Processor is the core computation part of an Engeenee app. Engine is created for particular Processor. Its constructor is provided to the Engine and former is responsible to initialize, setup and control processor during life-circle of the application. Results of processing are passed to a Renderer attached to the Engine. Renderers use provided results to define application's logic and visualization.

SDK provides the next ready-made processors:

For more details refer documentation of @geenee/bodyprocessors! module.


Renderer is the core visualization and logical part of any application. It's attached to the Engine. Basically, renders define two methods load() and update(). The first one is used to initialize all assets and prepare the scene for example set up lightning, environment map. Engine will call load() method during pipeline initialization or when renderer is attached. The second one is used to update the scene according to results results of video processing. This's where all the logic happens. Renderer itself is a generic abstract class defining common API.

We provide a number helper classes derived from Renderer that can be used as starting points:


Generic Renderer utilizing ResponsiveCanvas helper. Refer their documentation for more details. CanvasRenderer can have several layers and there're two basic usage patterns. Use separate layers for video and scene and effectively render scene on top of the video stream. Advantage of this approach is that image and scene can be processed independently and one can apply different effects or postprocessing. This pattern is also easier to implement. Or one can use only one canvas layer and embed video stream into the scene as object via a texture or background component. This approach will have more complex implementation dependent on particular renderer. On the other hand, rendering effects affecting the whole scene will also apply to the video stream. This can improve performance and allows advanced rendering/postprocessing techniques to be used

CanvasParams defines parameters of ResponsiveCanvas. ResponsiveCanvas will be created within provided HTMLElement container. There're three fitting modes: fit, pad and crop. When "fit" mode is used ResponsiveCanvas adjusts its size to fit into the container leaving margin fields to keep aspect ratio, "pad" mode behavior is the same, but margins are filled with highly blurred parts of the input video instead of still background. These modes provide for maximum field of view. In "crop" mode the canvas extends beyond the container to use all available area, or, equivalently, is cropped to have the same aspect ratio as container. This mode doesn't have margins but may reduce FoV when ratios of video and container don't match. Style of container will be augmented with overflow="hidden". Optionally user can mirror canvas output that can be useful for selfie/front camera applications.


Video renderer is based on CanvasRenderer and uses two canvas layers: one for video stream and another to render 3D scene on top of it. This usage pattern is the easiest to implement, but more limited as video is not embedded into the scene and e.g. renderer's postprocessing effects or advanced techniques can't be applied to video. VideoRenderer is a good starting point for you application.


Example of a simple Renderer creating a scene with a 3D model that follows a head. It can be used as starting point for virtual hat try-on application. The next example uses three.js:

import { FaceRenderer } from "@geenee/bodyrenderers-three";
import { FaceResult } from "@geenee/bodyprocessors";
import * as three from "three";
import { GLTFLoader } from "three/examples/jsm/loaders/GLTFLoader";
import { FBXLoader } from "three/examples/jsm/loaders/FBXLoader";

export class HatRenderer extends FaceRenderer
// Scene
protected object?: three.Group;
protected head?: three.Group;
protected light?: three.PointLight;
protected ambient?: three.AmbientLight;

async load() {
if (this.loaded)
await this.setupScene();
await this.setupGeometry();
await super.load();

async setupScene() {
// Lighting
this.light = new three.PointLight(0x888888, 1);
this.ambient = new three.AmbientLight(0x888888, 1);;

async setupGeometry() {
// Occluder
this.head = await new FBXLoader().loadAsync("head.fbx");
const mesh = (this.head.children[0] as three.Mesh)
mesh.material = new three.MeshBasicMaterial();
mesh.material.colorWrite = false;
// Model
const gltf = await new GLTFLoader().loadAsync(this.model);
this.object = gltf.scene;

async update(result: FaceResult, stream: HTMLCanvasElement) {
// Render
const { mesh, transform, metric } = result;
if (mesh && transform) {
// Mesh transformation
const translation = new three.Vector3(...transform.translation)
const uniformScale = new three.Vector3().setScalar(transform.scale);
const shapeScale = new three.Vector3(
const rotation = new three.Quaternion(...transform.rotation);
// Align model with mesh
if (this.object) {
this.object.visible = true;
if (this.head) {
this.head.visible = true;
else {
for (let obj of [this.object, this.head]) {
if (!obj)
obj.visible = false;
return super.update(result, stream);

SceneRenderer and Plugins

Renderers support plugin system. SceneRenderer extends VideoRenderer to be used with particular WebGL engine for example babylon.js or three.js. Type of the scene object is additional parametrization of generic. The most important feature of SceneRenderer is plugin system. Plugins written for particular WebGL engine can be attached to SceneRenderer. Usually plugins control a scene node and implement simple tasks that can be separated from the main rendering context. For example, make a scene node follow (be attached to) the person's head, or make node an occluder, or create a face mesh node and set texture as mask.

ScenePlugin isn't very different to SceneRenderer and very much alike, but it implements only one task on a node. As well as Renderer it should implement two basic methods: load() to setup attached scene node and update() to control the node according to results provided by Processor. Plugins are levels of abstraction allowing to single out ready-made helpers that are used as atomic building blocks.

Another plugins type is VideoPlugin performing simple image transformations on video stream, e.g. smooth effects or gamma correction. Idea is the same but update() works with input image provided in canvas element. VideoPlugin updates the image according to provided results. Image is updated in place drawing on canvas directly.


SDK provides number of helper classes that can be useful in AR applications:


Takes a snapshot of the ResponsiveCanvas backing a CanvasRenderer. In general, ResponsiveCanvas is multi-layer therefore two capturing modes are available: capture all layers separately or merge them into one image. When you call snapshot() method Snapshoter waits for the next render update and makes a copy of all canvas layers.

Example of usage (capture snapshot):

const container = document.getElementById("root");
const renderer = new AvatarRenderer(container, "crop", true);
const snapshoter = new Snapshoter(renderer);
container.onclick = async () => {
const image = await snapshoter.snapshot();
if (!image)
const canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
const context = canvas.getContext('2d');
if (!context)
canvas.width = image.width;
canvas.height = image.height;
context.putImageData(image, 0, 0);
const url = canvas.toDataURL();
const link = document.createElement("a");
link.hidden = true;
link.href = url; = "capture.png";;


Records a video of the ResponsiveCanvas backing a CanvasRenderer. ResponsiveCanvas is multi-layer. Every rendering update Recorder merges all snapshots onto the recording canvas. Video of snapshot series is recorded into final video file.

Example of how to record 10 seconds video and download it:

const container = document.getElementById("root");
const renderer = new AvatarRenderer(container, "crop", true);
const recorder = new Recorder(renderer);
container.onclick = async () => {
setTimeout(async () => {
const blob = await recorder?.stop();
if (!blob)
const url = URL.createObjectURL(blob);
const link = document.createElement("a");
link.hidden = true;
link.href = url; = "capture.webm";;
}, 10000);


Streams video of the ResponsiveCanvas backing a CanvasRenderer. ResponsiveCanvas is multi-layer, Every rendering update Streamer merges all snapshots onto the recording canvas. MediaStream instance is created for this canvas and provides access the generated video stream.




Type Aliases


Ƭ CanvasMode: "crop" | "fit" | "pad"

ResponsiveCanvas fitting modes


Ƭ ImageInput: ImageData | ImageBytes | ImageBitmap | HTMLCanvasElement

Image input types (supported)


Ƭ UniformType: "1f" | "2f" | "3f" | "4f"

Uniform types


Ƭ VideoSourceParams: VideoParams | MediaStreamConstraints | MediaStream | FileParams | string

Setup parameters of video capture